A new high school textbook is the development of modern society and culture in 21st century personnel need to be performed by one of the important projects of the century. This article on a new high school new geography textbook for several thought-provoking questions.
Relationships, understanding new knowledge with traditional knowledge
Geographic traditional knowledge, most is middle school students should learning and master of knowledge, is they middle school graduated Hou learning and work in the exploration knowledge new field, and research new problem of base perpendicular so, high school geographic new textbook first from high school education of Foundation sexual departure, especially in class partial less of situation Xia, note featured teaching content, distinguish primary and secondary, and highlight focus, stated trunk knowledge, is still to system of natural geographic and Humanities geographic of Foundation knowledge mainly. With the development of geographical science, some outdated, cumbersome traditional knowledge will be eliminated, on some understanding of the concepts, principles, and will continue to deepen and update, which is necessary to update knowledge, reflection of our age.
There is no doubt that textbook content, if not updated with the progress of the development of science and technology and society, does not reflect the State of the art of thought and contemporary new results will not be able to achieve “education oriented to modernization, face the future, the world” goal. But, has several problem must note clarified: a is social science, and Humanities and natural science, and Technological Sciences has larger differences, new made and spread of concept and the noun, and does not necessarily reflected has modernization; II is from China conditions actual departure, on abroad textbook be comparison, and research and reference; three is textbook content of update should is progressive of, change had Assembly makes teachers and device confused, also not conducive to teaching quality of improve; four is traditional of knowledge content, as long as is reflect basic of objective law of knowledge, on forever can adaptation new of situation; five is new content, and new knowledge of large emerged, may increased students learning of total and burden, should adhere featured content. High school new geography textbook for update from the following aspects of the content.
1. Geography of development dynamic and research results and the application prospects,, textbook due by reflect, but is not means was new knowledge of excessive increased, and should reflected Yu thought concept, and science attitude and method of improved Shang, constantly enrich new of science content, amendment old, and aging of knowledge system, makes students through this changes, awareness and understanding geography is a door constantly development changes was of science.
2. Judging from the general direction of the world, and the 21st century-oriented, new teaching materials not only to penetrate modern geography the latest achievements of scientific research should also seek to reflect the latest face of world geography, and current problems of modern society, and refer to the new theory, new ideas, new concepts, new information to explain the phenomenon, analyze problems, to deepen and expand students ‘ knowledge, broaden their vision and ideas.
3. Clarify the basic knowledge, attention to the basic concepts and principles, while should be representative of the geographical research and technology in the form of reading material in their profile, for example: geographical information systems, geographic satellite aerial remote sensing technology, geography, etc. While performance is closely related to modern geography in the field of science and technology, support each other, on the other hand you can make up for the geography textbooks in the past emphasis on concepts and principles, but ignore the science and technology and the introduction of the means of, for students a better understanding of the development of modern geography, helps to form a new consciousness of science and technology.
Second, further strengthen the ties of theory and practice
High school geography textbooks to inherit and carry forward the new teaching materials on the basis of theory with practice in the past, strengthening of geographic science and daily life, social production, domestic, practical and modern science and technology ties in the region, fight for growth and breakthrough.
First, enhancement of geographical science in modern life, modern production applications, break the limitations of pure geography, highlighting the mutual penetration of learning to human geography and physical geography, combined with each other as well as on the impact of social production, life and direct benefits. For introduction to these content are advised to select text in newspapers, magazines, television news reports, can make students feel the geographical knowledge and their own lives. For a general interest in contemporary society, significant social issues associated with science and technology, such as resources, food, population, energy, environmental pollution and environmental issues, students learn important elements of geography, students can also take advantage of these practical problems understanding geography has no other subject can substitute for the unique value.
Second, enhanced geographical knowledge of science and national, the actual combination of this region. For some rational knowledge of the geographic concepts, principles, etc, should be in the form of students can accept to be elaborated, paying particular attention to combined with representative examples of specific examples and typical atmosphere of the time, to promote students ‘ understanding of rational knowledge and enhance interest in them. For some geographical facts and practical application of content to illustrate one of geographic principles and rules, specified combination between theory and practice of contact and, stressed that access to knowledge and application of knowledge to analyse and solve practical problems. For example, through participation in local social practice, cultivate students ‘ practice and dynamic analysis of the brain and consciously apply the theoretical knowledge ability to solve practical problems, students not only to focus on exploration, pioneering, also pay attention to the application.
Again, increase students ‘ interest in science and scientific quality training so they set up the country’s firm belief and Grand ambition of building the motherland. For example, by introducing geography to human civilization, social and cultural progress of society, the important role of national economic development and national prosperity, students formed the right motivation, further learn scientific knowledge of geography and by introducing geography of ancient and modern, brave and persevering struggle made major discoveries and contributions, education students climb science ghost of high ideals and serving the motherland. In addition, through infiltration of modern scientific ideas and concepts, such as the sustainable development strategy, enhance international cooperation and global idea, idea of participation and benefit, contribute to the cultivation of student’s scientific literacy.
IV, enhanced geo-science and other scientific and technological knowledge, knowledge of culture contact. A to reflected geographic science and other natural science, and Technological Sciences, and social science, and Humanities of mutual contact and cross penetration, again reflect in recent years world States science education reform in the stressed of science, and technology, and social three who Zhijian of mutual relationship, and mutual effect, prompted students from more broad of perspective to understanding with practice of connotation, awareness geography of important role, on they now of learning, future towards social also great benefits.
Three, attach importance to the creative thinking developing a student for adapting to demand of 21 centuries to talented person , the be doubly focused attention upon , so-called creative thinking ability creative thinking developing and training students, is to point to the thinking activities being able to overcome established way of thinking , it has characteristics such as fluent , adapt to circumstances , originality , originality, curiosity is strong , is good at associating , being rich in imagination , dare question, daring to blaze new trails is the creative thinking behaviour. That process includes the creative thinking basic discovering the new problem and solving new problems, is to create ability structure basic key element. Newly edited high school geographical feature teaching material but creative thinking arousing a student in several aspect of the following activity.
1 can by setting up a suspense as it happens, ingenious strong setting up questioning the sum angle originality , thinking nature deeply doubts, matching it with image , diagram , demonstrating , performing mathematical calculations , drilling and so on, enlighten guiding student’s active thinking activities, turn difficulty into thereby having a few fundamental geographical concept , geographical feature principle knowledge in hand.
2 accuracy inheriting teaching material in the past’s is concise , generality waits for merit by force, state nature content to express fact , material narrating a few during the past forms such as solution , graphic solution and outline explanation etc. , make every effort to lay stress on geographical knowledge priority , difficult point , open and enlighten a student probing the thought contacting , enlivening a student , urge them to be lively , initiative but learn to obtain to some extent.
3 problem having dispute by introducing that a little thought is unique , peculiar or esteeming , let a student carry out the view analysing a thinking , unfolding the valuation discussing self and debating on , making , announcing self , foster them to think independently , be rich in the innovative spirit.
And 4 newly edited teaching material can set up a few “minor column “”, the self’s own little world”etc. specifically , be played by the student to know the facts person , participator’s role, make policy or forecast to the judgements making self such as local social and economic issues and future development prospect,may choose special subject content according to self characteristic unfolding investigation and discussion and studying the creative thinking being to develop a student thereby opens up the vast new field.
5 not bad pass design problem type different (if map reading Xi picture, secretly scheme against amounts calculate, actual demonstrate, observe observation, comparatively be distinguished, comprehensive analysis, judge reasoning, migrate apply and so on), arrangement of ideas different (if face to face degree different students, respectively be in progress demand same demand different thought, image, abstratc thinking, Exercise) , deep thrust battle form diversity (middle , the queen wait if exercise may readjust oneself to a certain extent before every chapters and sections teaching material nimbly), and the examination questions being rich in interest , thinking the sex exercise deeply such as intuition , analytical thought, the desire draws with seeking knowledge arousing a student studying interest, induce making a student carry out active thinking activities, promote development of student creative thinking thereby.
Four, pay attention to arranging conception , being suitable to new teaching high school geographical feature teaching material should embody reformation thought , have several cognitions to need to pay attention to: The teaching material write is going to accord with China’s actual conditions and actual need , be geared to the needs of great majority school first, teacher adapting to great majority students and great majority; Two is that the teaching material write has certain flexibility , flexibility, to adapt to the need being unlike a region , being unlike arrangement of ideas school; Three are that the teaching material write should conscientious draw in connection with modern education theory and method , absorb nine-year compulsory education junior middle school geographical feature teaching material useful experience in compiling and composing in time , pay attention to summing up the in practice what middle tries to find out , is created by out effective write form and teaching method teaching, with extensive convenient teacher’s teaching; Four are that the teaching material write should propose elicitation method, to knowledge content , characteristics of students , key elements such as instrument and equipment , teaching aid means think synthetically , study circumstances for the student creates the best’s , urge a student to be active but active, now that have knowledge in hand, method learning to acquire knowledge; Five is that the teaching material write should seep through organic conception , over-simplication , teaching method contacting concept , synthetical concept etc. , avoiding compiling and composing a form become rigid , seek the optimum combination arranging style , teaching method, for instance: May synthesize discipline course (be inclined to knowledge systematicness and structure) and exercise respective advantage of course (be inclined to practice activity and be handled); Straight line style, is cyclic , the special subject is dyadic , the characteristic is dyadic , the problem is dyadic , outline style waits to arrange the respective characteristic of form synthetically, bring the due effect of teaching material into play, to gain the teaching overall efficiency bring into full play. Owing to above-mentioned cognition, may improve to some extent in the respect of arranging style and formulation form etc.
In short ,new high school geographical feature teaching material write, be one complicated system engineering , be going to inherit promote, learn widely from others’ strong points , breaking , arranging into out a characteristic to some extent, the culture being to realize cross-centennial talented person better serves.
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