Aerobics have been launched for more than 20 years in our country, is listed in university, middle and primary schools’ sports teaching planning and social sports instructor’s training materials, become tempering the content mainly of the school, enterprises and institutions and social activities site nationwide fitness programs. The aerobics can play a positive role to promote and improve talent’s quality. The aerobics teaching has become important components of university’s sports, but there are many problems in the current situation of aerobics teaching in university of xx province. This paper analyzes the current situation of aerobics teaching in university of xx province on foundation of the special characteristic that aerobics can draw college students in, then puts forward some advice on the problems.
As a major college sports elective course of aerobics teaching content for students, full of atmosphere and vitality of youth, both in developing students ‘ basic knowledge, basic skills, basic skills, or in developing students ‘ psychological quality, aesthetic and educational aspects, can play a good role. Students comparison focus on others on its appearance and inherent beauty of evaluation, this prompted students to great of enthusiasm inputs to both focus on body of, and attitude of, and action of external beauty of training, and focus on beauty of appreciation force, and beauty of sentiments, inherent beauty of training of aerobics movement in the, this effectiveness sexual strong, has higher exercise and entertainment value of movement project, as students sports class of main teaching content one, soon was students of welcomes.
One, unique to attract students to participate in aerobics
Aerobics is a type of aerobic exercise, it is characterized by long time, moderate strength, can effectively control weight, can effectively improve practitioners of various physical fitness, on the human body, heart and lung function and endurance levels have a great role in promoting. As a means of aerobic fitness, aerobics is not the only option for college students, can also be used for other sports fitness, so why students would choose as a method of aerobics, participate in the aerobics, this is because it has its own unique advantages.
Body-building a high level of artistry. Aerobics is a quest for human health and the United States in sport, a high level of artistry. Artistry of callisthenics is mainly reflected in its “health, force and the United States” on the project characteristics. Aerobics coordination, smooth, flexible, enables practitioners to not only exercise the body, enhance physical fitness, but also get a “beautiful” enjoyment, improves the aesthetic and artistic accomplishment.
Aerobics with music accompaniment. This characteristic of the aerobics aerobics distinguishes it from other traditions is an important aspect of sport, is also an important reason to like aerobics of college students. Aerobics is characterized by powerful, beautiful melody to the rhythm of the music, heighten the effect of the atmosphere, stimulate the students ‘ enthusiasm. Aerobics music has an obvious rhyme, make it contagious for aerobics, bringing vitality to aerobics, practitioners in the pleasant exercise. Harmonious combination of beautiful music and action make aerobics was unusual attractive, so that students enjoy and dedicate more invested in this campaign.
Randomness of aerobics. Orchestration actions randomness of randomness, music choice, practice haphazard way haphazard, venues, these features are characteristic of other sports will not be able to have both. Exercises who can under need, in meet human physiological and Anatomy features of premise Xia, free of on action for combination and choreography, can do Freehand exercises also can do instruments exercises; aerobics of music also can under own of preferences, select different rhythm, and different style; aerobics of exercises forms also very free and convenient, can separate or collective participation aerobics movement; also aerobics exercises venues easy solution, exercises time also very flexible, easy exercises who independent arrangements.
Aerobics content comprehensive, targeted, and security. Aerobics exercisers can be either whole-body exercise, and local exercises can be conducted according to the needs of practitioners, such as the neck, waist and abdominal, limb movement. Aerobics can also design different actions for different populations and the corresponding strength, to meet the fitness needs of different age groups. In order to ensure the safety and fitness sport fitness, fitness Research Association also has stringent requirements for the fitness aerobics lesson of level and scope of security, without shock action, low impact, high impact action suitable for different levels of training, different health situations, such as classes. Recommend a scientific indicator of fitness and fitness area, the heart rate during exercise in (220-age) of the x65%-80% range.
Second, the current situation of aerobics course in University of XX province
(A) research objects and methods
1, to study. To XX of XX province universities for the study of this article, the XX College are:, total market volume, total market volume xx xx xx, these schools cover the subordination of XX province and provincial universities, colleges and vocational and technical college, basically representing University of XX province.
2, research methods. Main application survey of literature and law, social law, comparative research methods, statistical methods.
(B) analysis of research results
1, the basic situation of aerobics in universities of XX province
Due to the restrictions of the venue and teachers plus part of the school’s leadership on sets of aerobics insufficient attention XX in universities in the survey, XX has been offering aerobics, has opened schools accounted for XX% of aerobics. With the development of aerobics, aerobics course at the University is no longer “girls” in physical education, XX% school has currently opened aerobics for male students.
2, the current situation of aerobics instructors
First, the ratio of aerobics instructors are cases. XX University, investigated a total of 81 aerobics teacher, including 68 female teachers, male teachers, 13; l:5 about gender, gender distribution is not reasonable enough. Only in recent years as the sport of aerobics teaching content of College and Department, and most of the male PE teachers in colleges and universities do not have this knowledge, technology and skills, thus influencing the development of aerobics in universities in boys and popularity. It from the other side is also reflected in comprehensive quality education today, our urgent updating of knowledge and learning of physical education teachers in colleges and universities to accommodate the needs of the new situation.
Second, the special structure analysis for aerobics instructors are original. Aerobics teachers should have good professional quality, a better demonstration of ability, accurate, beautiful, to stimulate students ‘ interest in learning, positive inputs to the study of aerobics to. On modern college students aerobics learning not to be content with a simple technique to learn, they desire through a system of aerobics course for more expertise, master the “health and beauty” of motor skills, develop their athletic ability. On aerobics teaching in colleges and universities, and calisthenics teacher put forward higher requirements. Investigation of 81 aerobics aerobics special graduate teachers in the teacher only 21 people, other special 60 people. Rationale of XX in aerobics teaching in colleges and universities teachers professional structure reasonable enough, calisthenics teacher’s professional level is not high, aerobics teacher original special was only 20.3%, other specialized teachers reaching nearly 80%; 50% of the original special rhythmic gymnastics and aerobics teacher track and field; 30% above the calisthenics teacher of special original not part of the gymnastics program. Original special calisthenics teacher ratio is small, for continuous development and innovation of aerobics teaching to this having an effect. Physical education teachers in colleges and universities should transfer to a rich and deep expertise in people, “the depth and breadth is one of the special characteristics of the teachers” and therefore, XX province engaged in aerobics teaching in colleges and universities teachers ‘ professional level needs to be improved and optimized.
Thirdly, analysis of aerobics instructors referee registration. A school level in addition to teaching effect of aerobics, referee grade and is one of the important factors of fitness instructors. Organization level compliance test, also require a certain level of referees. Investigation of 81 aerobics teacher, has the teacher of aerobics referee level is not to 50%, level, fitness instructors and national fitness instructors only 34 people, and the coastal cities of aerobics teaching in colleges and universities teachers have a lot of gaps.
IV, analysis of aerobics instructors teaching enthusiasm. According to the survey by XX 67% teachers ‘ enthusiasm to work in College calisthenics classes is not high, XX province aerobics teacher learning opportunities few, leadership does not pay attention to the problem of continuing education for teachers, school site equipment conditions seriously affected the teaching of aerobics teacher enthusiasm. Due to the influence of market economy, people opened certain levels of income gap, on the whole, higher levels of income of teachers in colleges and universities, and aerobics are very popular in the community, aerobics coaching session fees ranging from $ 30-$ 100, and expensive. Therefore some of the teachers ‘ enthusiasm began to fall, to work part-time at the fitness centre or club. Aerobics teacher salary is one of the important factors affecting their enthusiasm for work.
3, the current situation of aerobics teaching
First, the analysis of the popularization of aerobics. Investigation of XX XX school offering elective course of aerobics in universities, compulsory course of aerobics in universities by XX, XX universities both elective and compulsory (compulsory, three or four-year elective in one or two grades), that is, XX province aerobics teaching of basic penetration rate reached nearly 100%, penetration is very high. But XX% opened the previous colleges aerobics courses are all girls, only about XX% of college students are participating in, and the boys attended by only a small part, aerobics teachers plus the overwhelming majority are women, aerobics considered women students will easily lead to the erroneous concept of the project.
Second, the analysis of aerobics teaching materials. Survey results show that XX universities, all schools have a lesson plan; XX school curricula, academic progress, respectively XX%; schools with audiovisual teaching materials XX, XX%; both audio, and text or diagrams of schools with teaching materials XX, XX%. Both textbooks and some schools is the self, some use “two” Association of aerobics choreography toolkits, some schools also use the latest aerobic competition of videotapes. Aerobics strong intuitive, students out of class to review class content can only be learned by ear to practice, have some difficulties. Therefore, illustrated, straightforward text textbook to help students understand the content of classroom learning, and teaching material system in theory of knowledge Guide to fitness and exercise common sense, and they can increase students ‘ learning with a combination of experience, really can make text textbook and technology also combines action, guiding student learning and extracurricular exercise of textbooks make it life. At present, there is not a survey of College has a dedicated multimedia equipment, aerobics software (computer video and audio multimedia equipment and other equipment, software of aerobics teaching CDs, courseware, etc). In computer and network teaching universal in today’s colleges and universities, strengthening the development and application of multimedia teaching software, will enable students in the stadium (Museum), and even studying in the classroom, dormitory aerobics can broaden students ‘ horizons, increase knowledge, improve the taste, achieve the purpose of class study, combined exercises.
Thirdly, analysis of aerobics teaching hours. XX XX school for one semester in College 32-36 aerobics, total xx%, its teaching content has remained virtually unchanged for 1-2 years; XX school is divided into two semester total 64.72 aerobics teaching hours, total xx%, its ease of teaching content and teaching materials are different. Measured in one semester only, XX province callisthenics in colleges and universities in various parts of the units assigned to essentially the same. Practice part average 27.13 units; the theory part of the average of 3.38 units; the test average of 3.75 hours; one semester average of 34.25 units. So only a semester course on aerobics teaching in classroom, teachers want to teach some more content as possible, but progress was more tight, basically no time for a system of teaching basic skills. Usually after the conclusion of the General preparation activities, began to be directly set, or a combination of aerobics teaching and soon after finished teachers teach, and students finished on forgetting, cultivation of the ability in the teaching process involves less.
Third, the promotion of XX province recommendations for the development of aerobics teaching in colleges and universities and countermeasures
Aerobics in University opened a dozen years in succession, from the characteristics of the project itself and the extent of college students interested in it, it is a popular sports in school physical education in the curriculum and extracurricular activities one popular fitness tools, actively promote the development of aerobics education in colleges and universities, to enrich students ‘ extracurricular cultural life, improve their health, constructing harmonious campus of great significance.
(A) strengthen attention to increase investment in construction of on site facilities
And sports authorities to aerobics teaching in colleges and universities attached great importance to, advocacy and guidance, perfecting the inter-school competition system. On the aerobics teaching facilities and relatively low compared to the national provisions of the relevant documents, the impact of the aerobics teaching effect and quality. To increase capital investment in colleges and universities, widening the channel of funding sources, create the material basis for development of calisthenics. At the time of site equipment set up to build and install, you must follow the laws of science and technology. Applied materials on site equipment, provides good security conditions for learning. Only increase the intensity of investment in teaching and improving teaching conditions, to lay a solid foundation for good morning aerobics, to improve the quality of aerobics.
(B) further improve the aerobics course system
On the curriculum teaching hours of aerobics courses should be guaranteed. In one or two grades on the basis of offering elective course of aerobics or compulsory elective out of class or the creation of three or four-year increase, or establishing calisthenics Club after class to ensure continuity in the teaching, for the formation of lifelong physical culture consciousness and habits to lay a good foundation; note on the choice of teaching materials and teaching contents selected a variety of teaching materials, development of teaching materials of appropriate quality. Teaching content should avoid single, according to the quality of University student’s own characteristics, selected for its characteristic dynamism (aerobics), pop (Latin aerobics, aerobics, street dance, wrestling), instruments (dumbbell exercises, Step, etc) and the new body. At the same time choosing the right music, through movement and music, and the students to be consciously active learning enthusiastic, active classroom atmosphere, on the contents of the selection of teaching materials to moderate difficulty, suitable exercise, dominated by aerobic metabolism, medium strength, select the appropriate quality of students ‘ own teaching materials.
(C) strengthening of in-service teacher training to further improve the aerobics teaching ability of teachers
Should increase the intensity of selection and cultivation of teachers in colleges and universities, raising the level of existing teachers of business, constantly optimize the structure of teachers, increasing calisthenics teacher of especially original special from an aerobics teacher training and further education opportunities to strengthen its research capacity, efforts to raise the level of the operational capacity of teachers and their teaching. Special and to actively introduce aerobics teacher, especially male teachers to continuously adjust and optimize the structure of teachers, to constantly improve the quality of aerobics teaching.
(D) strengthen comprehensive education for students and teaching
To the students (particularly boys) strengthening education of aerobics, aerobics sports and its function in its comprehensive understanding, awareness, update their concepts, actively participate in the aerobics, exercise regularly and to participate in physical exercise habit, lay a good foundation for lifelong sports. Strengthening on boys of education boot, fired learning interest, to create good of learning atmosphere, training men teachers participate in aerobics teaching, makes men teachers of just Yang of gas to in aerobics in the play, let students awareness to aerobics of force and beauty, organization different levels of aerobics competition, and provisions must has boys entries, deepened boys on aerobics of understanding and awareness, stimulation its learning aerobics of wishes, and combination boys features reasonable developed teaching content, while developed reasonable of examination content and standard, apart from examination sets action outside also should will basic combination and fitness as evaluation standard, avoid because sets fuck of errors and effect final results; for students learning psychological, efforts expansion teaching content, constantly improve learning quality. According to the girls ‘ pursuit of beauty and body fit and psychological requirements, you should choose to shape the body-building body type has a higher value of exercise aerobics, aerobics, aerobics, Latin forms in order to motivate girl students ‘ interest, and according to the physiological and psychological characteristics of boys choose reflecting strength or fashion fight aerobics, street dance aerobics, and other content.
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