Third, the importance of water culture in three gorges tourism planning
Yangtze River, one of the scenic spots in China’s 10 largest, head of the 40 top tourism landscape in China. Qutang Gorge is in the three gorges, Wu Gorge and Yichang three Gorge collectively. BAIDI city of fengjie, Sichuan in the West, East to nanjinguan of Yichang, Hubei, 204 km long. Peaks stand facing each other across the Strait, the narrow estuary winding, scatter all over the men on a chessboard in river beach reef, water a raging rapid, beautiful scenery.
Not only has beautiful natural tourism resources in the three gorges, can allow tourists discover the secrets of nature and magic to arouse tourists ‘ awareness of protecting the natural environment and rich cultural knowledge is in the three gorges tourist learn, understand, research of many scientific and technological knowledge of the culture of the ideal place. For example, many literary works, poems and songs, folk customs, aquatic plants and animals, and built the use of high technology on several of the three Gorges Dam, and the condensation of patriotism and national strength, is very vivid teaching material.
1, in the three gorges water cultural resources
(1) water-smart culture
Scientific research in the three gorges project the length of time, broad content, research and demonstration levels deep, and is rare in the history of engineering. Put forward ideas to the founding of the National Sun Yat-Sen, multidisciplinary large-scale research work in three gorges, has lasted for more than 70 years, has gone through several generations. In the design of three gorges project, hundreds of units of the country and tens of thousands of technicians took part in the three gorges project design, mechanical and electrical design, design of metal structure, construction design work, many of these designs are creating world-class, meet and exceed the highest level at home and abroad. It enables our technological civilization has entered a new stage, it records to create the difficult course of modern civilization, therefore, it is a great treasure of Treasure-House of humanistic sciences in China.
(2) water material culture
In Yichang city in a 50 km radius, have to be built in modern water control project dam has four: gezhouba dam of the Yangtze River, geheyan dam, the three Gorges Dam, dam in gaobazhou.
(3) the specification for water culture
National number in three Gorges area, not including Han, Tujia, Miao and other ethnic minorities. People of all nationalities in the plot for thousands of years of civilization created by rich brilliant folk culture, such as the annual dragon boat race festival.
(4) water spirit culture
“构词成分。 vast and boundless Wanshan raging storm; rage tempestuously water, mountains and water holding entangle Yu. Coast Mountain wall when vertical axe, two-phase and lifted. Dangerous precipice when standing in the water and blocking, flow blocking roads in Hong Kong suspected nothing. “Comrade Guo Mo-RUO in the Shu Dodge, a poem, the male special and beautiful gorge scenery of Yat, most vividly depicted.
Our country has a name of ancient famous works on the geography of the Shui Jing Zhu, was written by Li during the Northern Wei Dynasty to Yuan, has a vivid narrative of three gorges in the book: “in the three gorges in the 700, Strait onto northbound Caroline Hill, point shenque Department. Heavy rock die Zhang, blot out the Sun hidden days, non-stop since midnight, see XI month sth “.
BAIDI city is very famous in the qutang Gorge. Because of Li Bai’s “remarks Baidi Choi, jiangling from afar a day. APE crying on both sides to resist boat had thousands of Zhongshan. “Since the beginning of the Tang and Song dynasties, the famous poet has left countless works by reciting BAIDI city. Therefore, the city of BAIDI city, also known as poetry. BAIDI city known as the other important reason is that here are also important relics of the three kingdoms, where famous entrust an orphan to Church as Liu Bei where The last words of Liu-Bei.
There is the Wu Gorge. Poet Yuan Zhen in Tang dynasty have poem: “Jhy hard water, in the event of wushan is not a cloud. “Rainclouds over wushan was visible Cloud and rain, the highest in the world.
Qu Yuan and Wang Zhaojun was born in the North Bank of the Xiling Gorge. Qu Yuan’s famous Lisao and asked the nine chapters, and the day, with its renowned beautiful language and positive spirit of romanticism. Zhaojun, eternal liufang, her story later became the poetry, drama novels such as popular themes. More of the three gorges is the ancient celebrity writers to write out the main themes of the poems and songs, both sides of the Xiajiang fisherman ‘s, folk songs, folk songs and three gorges securities is also extremely rich.
2, three gorges water problems in cultural tourism
From the above discussion can be seen, with rich of hydrology in three gorges region types, however, while tourism receipts of the scenic area has made very good, especially in 2005, launched the crest Memorial Park, two large tours and three gorges closure products, have a powerful pulling effect on tourism in the dam area, its records of annual tourists reception breaking million for the first time, reached 1.05 million visitors. Average annual growth rate is close to 30% site visitors, as the three gorges region tourism leader, but it is in the development process for the cultural utilization of resources is not very full, for more water culture is limited to a simple water-smart culture (Three Gorges Dam) and water culture (literature, poetry and songs) show, for other types of cultural patterns using relatively little.
(1) water culture has not been given sufficient attention
Tourists on the cultural connotation of tourism products in the future attention, tourist and cultural level of higher culture will grow high aesthetic demands, no cultural tourism products will be difficult to attract the tourists. Therefore, strengthen the study of tourism culture, enhance the cultural quality of the product is particularly important. At present, the three gorges tourism is largely dominated by natural landscape, rich hydrological use less of the type in three Gorges area, although some development and surface development, not associated with the cultural content of fit in. Tushan Temple is in Bayu ancient temple, hands down is the da Yu marry tushan Hill’s wife, had three of the House and not to the site. This exploration of Tang dynasty poet BAI Juyi had to wrote the famous, of the independence of tushan Temple Tour, poet in the Yuan dynasty Jia Yuan also wrote poetry and prose, but they don’t see poems and inscriptions, is only seen by a general Temple.
(2) water culture show means to compare a single
Currently main means of showing for the tour and sightseeing, visitors can only remain in some areas such as boat, drifting above the water and water attractions.
In addition, for some of the water spirit and culture, development are some of the more static display, such as Tablet poetry and prose, relatively dull dull.
3, cultural tourism in three gorges water recommendations
(1) hydrological Museum-the spread of the three gorges water smart culture
Yichang huangling Temple and Fuling of White crane Ridge inscription, are the three gorges, “land” and “underwater hydrologic steles”. Xuan Gong at the vanguard of huangling Temple is the highest of the three gorges hydro logo, Fuling of White crane Ridge inscription on the stone fish-eye is the lowest water level marks in the three gorges. After the completion of three Gorges Dam, White crane Ridge inscription will sink underwater, so will copy this precious cultural relics in huangling Temple. At the same time the jialing River, minjiang River, Wu Han with Heilongjiang water tributaries of the Yangtze River, Yellow River, Pearl River water system of hydrological data, such as pooled together, built three gorges hydro Museum, make it a treasure house of historical hydrological data records of the major river system in China.
(2) water material culture galleries – the famous water conservancy facilities show
– Not only in Yichang Three Gorges Dam and gezhouba dam of three gorges project and Qingjiang geheyan dam of gaobazhou dam, is a water dam on the largest number of regions of the world. In here built international name dam Gallery, main show world States and China each area each history period of water project, ditches and dam model, literature information and respective of function, let people both can a gambling Three Gorges Dam and gezhouba two dam Yangtze River of wonders, and can concentrated browse too-bashing, Aswan, Xi Gelei and ancient than snow husband, world name dam and dujiangyan, Xiang Sidi, efficacious Canal, water project of style, to broaden one’s horizon, cultivates sentiments, feel human reconstruction using nature of great boldness and forces.
(3) the culture of folk custom tourism – show code for water
China has a large number of ethnic minorities, many minorities have a variety of activities to show their love of water, and worship. As Dai Thai New Year, namuyi activities of treatment and Bai Muyi Tibetan water God an offering to God. If they are able to reproduce the rich minority activities, developing some participatory tourism project, you can enrich the three gorges tourism product types, solve the problem of tourism product dull dull.
(4) pump water Museum – macro spiritual culture
If the will existed, the various dynasties in these water culture and humanistic heritage songs of poetry, calligraphy, painting, music, manifested in the form, visitors can not only get the American experience, you can also taste to the water culture and profound.
Also, also can to text of means to tourists show Springs, and Lake, and glacier of formation process, to pictures of forms to show colourful more State of surface water, to model of forms to demo water cycle process, to photos of forms show shocking of water pollution,, this way set ornamental and education sexual for one, can for students tourists groups to development, makes members in taste water resources magic mystery of while, improve people of environmental protection consciousness.
In addition, for some rare aquatic organisms in the three gorges, water can also establish biological Museum, focusing on Chinese sturgeon of the exhibition, Lipotes vexilifer alligator while andrias davidianus in Yangtze River sturgeon white sturgeon Rouge peach fish on display, as well as other rare species of the Yangtze River, not only enriched the local tourist product types, have made certain economic benefits, you can achieve the purpose of protecting the rare aquatic organisms.
Panoramic view of the origin and development of world culture, water potential up the Nile nurtured a splendid ancient Egypt civilization, ebb and flow of Euphrates blight affects the rise and fall of the Kingdom of the rise and fall of Babylon, two big river flowing in the East – the Yellow River and Yangtze River, then the expression nourished a profound cultural and gorgeous colourful Chu culture. Seems to be the beginning, water is closely related to the survival of the human development. The Chinese nation in the knowledge of water development, water governance, water, conservation of water and enjoy the water in the process of, leaving a wealth of intellectual products, understanding a lot of wise philosophy, accumulated a wealth of cultural forms of water.
In the travel planning process, we should fully understand the importance of water culture, culture has a culture of tourism planning in China and, and use of water resources in the high-tech means to them and the perfect combination of nature, can not only extend the vitality of water landscape, promote the development of tourism in our country, also from the other side shows China’s rich cultural phenomenon.
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