Boat long history, through the study of traditional sports culture of dragon boat in Guangxi, addresses the origin and development of the dragon boat culture, particularly since reform and opening up, dragon boat races and economic and trade fair in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, proposed to create “dragon boat” brand pillars tourism, promote economic development of Guangxi’s vision.
Dragon is a symbol of the Chinese nation. Our nation is one Long Fenglong. Often can encounter in our entertainment lifestyle “Dragon”, especially the boat, its experience of eternal and popular of the wide range is already known to the world. It can be said that it was one of the most traditional activities with ethnic characteristics. Our peoples since ancient times called themselves “children of the Dragon”. Culture is an important source of ancient Chinese culture and the Dragon part, had a profound impact on culture development in China. In many legends about dragons, and thus the derivative of the various activities with the theme of Dragon, dragon boat race is a long history, spread widely, by the people’s favorite, the formation of traditional culture, and sports activities. It’s with the development of society and development, continues today, has maintained a strong national characteristics and style. Decision on the National Sports Commission in 1984, as a formal event for national dragon boat race. This activity, according to legend and imagination not only shaped the life-size image of the Dragon, and also obviously reflected the “descendants of the Dragon” pull together, to fight, go forward, and vibrant gallant temperament. People who watch the dragon boat race, are infected with this spirit and encouraging.
This meaningful cultural dragon boat sport and entertainment activities, bust tradition, generation, mainly because of its deeply rooted among the masses. Not just for Han people love, many fraternal peoples are also very popular, and become an important national events and sports activities in the content.
1 research and research methods
1. Research object
Dragon boat culture and the origin of dragon boat culture industry combined with the tourism development in Guangxi economy as research objects.
1. research methods
(1) method of literature. Through access to books and online collection, collating information about the dragon boat culture.
(2) the method of logical analysis. To analyze the information gathered, arrive at conclusions.
2 results and analysis
2. origin of the dragon boat culture
2.1. 1 totem worship of folk culture
”Dragon” is a singular God of our ancestors imagine animals. Farming peoples, astronomy, weather is the most important, rain xingyun Dragon became as gods. In order to pursue God bless people Totem Festival day (Festival) is dragon boat race, to sacrifice Dragon when the dragon-boat race. Dumplings wrapped well cast in the water on the one hand to the Dragon eats (ancients think that dragons living in water) on the other, each Team must also set censer table, wine award established offering lower reaches of the Changjiang River Dragon (that game players). During the Tang and Song dynasties, race also tattoos, such as the Tang dynasty the boat song, Zhang Jian said: “play something, on the removal of tattoo removal of books” . Boat tattoo competition, aimed at making themselves as Dragon child, seeking the Dragon God protected boat people escaped danger. Reach entertainment with Dragon, please the purpose of God, prayed to in charge of the Thunder Dragon-God of disease-free non-disaster preparedness, good weather.
2.1. 2 to commemorate the predecessor advocated loyalty to patriotism
Heroes in the eyes of the dragon boat race to honor the people, thus giving the new content and meaning to the boat, makes this traditional cultural and sporting activities more nationality and affinity, can stimulate people’s patriotism and the cohesion of Chinese nation’s great.
Said is to commemorate Wang Goujian drills Navy, defeating Wu. Wuyue warring, GOU Jian defeated and captured, eat humble pie in Wu after three years of life, swindled Wu Wangfu difference of trust, was back in the States. After returning home, he is King ‘ s revenge, determined to avenge an insult, established in early May of that year five Navy, began practicing, finally, after several years, elimination of Wu. Posterity to notorious Gou Jian this tough and not spirit, will emulate the Yue Navy walkthrough scenario when, on May 5, the day rowing regatta, Memorial.
Second said in honor of Wu zixu, and Cao. Legend of Wu zixu was hearers to slander, among the poor people by Wu Wangfu threw waves in Qiantang River, Cao-boat riding to rescue. Later generation by Dragon, for saving wood.
Three are in honor of doctor Qu Yuan of Chu. Since to the Han dynasty, legend of the dragon-boat race is to commemorate Qu Yuan’s most widely. Since the death of Qu Yuan and Dragon tears Luo people sacrifice day (Dragon Boat Festival) just a coincidence. Since then, each dragon to Dragon Boat Festival sacrifice, side Dragon, sings the elegy to commemorate their admiration of Qu Yuan. Judging from written records, initially to commemorate Qu Yuan dragon boat competition extinguished only popular among the Romanian soil, some parts of Northern and Southern dynasties developed to the South County, Xiangyang. After the rendering of such a large number of scholars in Tang dynasty literature, commemorate Qu Yuan dragon boat is widely . To the Song dynasty, dragon boat race from civil incoming Palace, guansai even the emperor himself arrived, and the scene is very ambitious. It is known that the Northern Song dynasty, national power failure, the Court wanted to use boat to promote loyalty to patriotism, uplifting spirit of the people, but also want to pray for the Dragon God, too the civil aid service.
2. Since the beginning of reform and opening up, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region within the dragon boat races
Nanning city since 1978, every organization of Grand Dragon boat races. In 1980, the Dragon Boat Festival. Rongan County Karst River commune a large dragon-boat race was held, with 28 men, 13 women teams over more than 3,300 athletes participating, audiences up to more than 50,000 people, a number of foreign guests and compatriots. Wuzhou dragon boat race events are also very active in recent years. A late development in Guilin city, and by 1985 dragon boat activity to resume interrupted for more than 30 years. In September 1984, in hengxian County, hengzhou commune in Guangxi Jiangnan Brigade dragon boat team, participate in the first national held in Foshan City, Guangdong Province, “Qu Yuan Cup” dragon boat races. In July 1985, Guangxi sent dragon boat team of male and female, 59 to Yichang city, Hubei province to attend the second session of the national “Qu Yuan Cup” dragon boat races.
Since 1984, the State Sports Commission annual district-wide activities on Dragon boat races, formed a tradition. Promote a mass boat, Wuzhou City Government in 1986 as the Dragon Boat Festival “, Dragon Boat Festival”, mass of dragon boat racing activities more widely. Dragon boat events held in 2008, to negotiate the trade of Guangdong, Sichuan and other provinces of Wuzhou guest and made a special trip to be well Japan friends along with tens of thousands of people took part in the dragon-boat race.
Dragon boat race in the past confined to urban activity in recent years has been gradually extended, Nanning, liuzhou, Guilin, Baise, Eifuku, xingan, Lingchuan, resources, your County (guigang), tiandong, and in hengxian County, and the Fangcheng, ningming, cenxi, rongxian etc 20 City held dragon boat race events, in addition, many townships, towns, streets also held dragon boat race. Back to the island town of Dongfeng Street, Beihai, 1987 of Hongqi Street, dragon-boat fishermen and stationed Navy soldiers held the friendly; Enterprise yarn of Fangcheng County townships, jiangpingzhen; in high peak, Umedani and other places in Dragon boat race events were held.
In 1987, 5 municipalities and 20 County, Guangxi has 257 dragon boat into the water, hundred dragons appears kaijiang, mass gathering of the world. Guilin to dragon boat activity attaches great importance to, when the city government issued special funds the construction of 12 standard dragon boat. District dragon boat race, held on June 4 of that year in Guilin, there are 13 teams for men and women, more than 100,000 spectators. Among people, also from domestic and foreign guests and people in nearby counties, in order to view boat full of shengjing, work from dawn to dusk, and help the elderly people and children, gathered in Lijiang, mountains, water, and the roof on both sides of the bridge, watch the masses bijianjiezhong, joy.
Nanning, liuzhou, and the North Sea, coastal areas along the Yangtze River has May lunar month Dragon Boat Festival custom of dragon-boat race. During this holiday race boat, the vessels gathered Bay estuary. When racing, one pulp on the boat, trying to guard, it flies faster, the Yangtze River Beach sea, all the city dispatched, for winners winning flags, clothing, animals, etc. Competition in Nanning city, setting off firecrackers is also local, winner award pigs; Dragon Boat Festival held in arenas of Wuzhou city fair, add to the festive style; race mainly by fishing village of Beihai City team, fishermen to return after the game the winner opening the celebration banquet. Today, this ancient national sport, has demonstrated thriving elegance, there was a spirit of national mobility.
2. create “dragon boat” brand pillars tourism, developing Guangxi economy
Solve the funding problem, is an important prerequisite for development and protection of ethnic culture around the world. In the development and protection of culture, take a variety of means and measures. On one hand, increase government investment, establishment of special funds; on the other hand, the implementation of differential tax rates to encourage capital investment into line with the development and protection of cultural. On the cultural development and the protection of a series of more comprehensive policies, laws and regulations, at the initial stage of China’s cultural industry, has a positive reference . In fact, in multiple forms of social funds have been large inflows in recent years cultural area in China. Currently, Guangxi national traditional sports culture of dragon boat has a certain scale, but the lower level also is on small scale. People on the dragon boat culture has not mining, development and consolidation of its resources. There is also due to the underdeveloped commodity economy, cause the concept lags, even the concept of industrialization of the dragon boat culture has yet to be established. Industrialization of dragon-boat culture in some areas have initially began to develop, but required further lessons learned and its drum propaganda, also requires the attention of the local government and relevant departments, some work needs to be coordination and direction of all aspects of Government.
2.3. 1 dragon-boat culture of Guangxi national sports industry and its fusion together to jointly promote tourism and common development
In recent years, the ASEAN countries, increasing numbers of tourism in Guangxi, 2002 only to 17 the number of years of tourism in Guangxi. 50,000 people, of which ASEAN Singapore, and Malaysia, and Thailand has not only become important tourist country in Guangxi, is main destination of Guangxi citizens traveling abroad at their own expense. From 1993 to 2000, through Guangxi travel agency organizations over more than 50,000 visitors to the above 3 countries visitors. In addition, parts of China every year, approximately 500,000 people after such as Pingxiang and Dongxing, Beihai, Guangxi port to Viet Nam tourism, ASEAN became the huge potential of Guangxi tourist market . Due to the ASEAN Expo held in Nanning, Nanning tourism brings new opportunities, into two big Nanning and Guilin in Guangxi tourism distributing center and tourist destination, speed up the construction of the tourism industry. In this rare opportunity sporting dragon boat national cultural industry and fusion together to jointly promote tourism, and common development. Developing dragon boat races in Guangxi tourist attractions, attracting a large number of businessmen, tourists come to Guangxi tourism in China and abroad, to impress foreign tourists.
2.3. 2 speeding up the development of minority area sports, promote the common prosperity of all national sports
Industrial nature of the cultural industry, refers to the economic nature of the culture industry, market behaviour and industry standard management and a series of features . Shiyexing of Chinese contemporary culture over the years has consistently pursued-and industrial transformation was a far-reaching social change. This changes radically change the traditional cultural concepts, associated with the culture and the realization of economic, culture and strode into the economic sphere, which became one of the fundamental components of the culture of nature. Active development of minority area sports, the future social development in minority areas and important elements of national sports development is an indispensable. Should grasp the opportunity brought by the national implementation of Western development strategy, speeding up the development of minority area sports, minority area of narrow gap and Eastern developed area of sport, promoting the common prosperity of all ethnic sports, improving the overall scale and level of development of sports in Guangxi.
2.3. 3 to actively explore dragon boat national traditional sports culture resources in Guangxi, promotion of Chinese sports treasure
Full development and utilization of resources of national traditional sports culture of dragon boat, attaches great importance to dragon boat competition is the national traditional sports there is rich and profound cultural connotation, inherit and carry forward and develop the Chinese nation’s elite sports culture. Importance of traditional national sports promotion in the country at the same time, also use a variety of channels and forms, expanding the outreach of national traditional sports and international exchanges. Active participation in various international competitions while modern sport, international exchanges of national traditional sports activities. Efforts to gradually into the world dragon boat competition of traditional sports.
3. function of Guangxi national traditional sports culture of dragon boat
Guangxi traditional ethnic sports culture of dragon boat with healthy, enliven body and mind, promote national cohesion, strengthen national unity, the function of developing the national economy, and inspire national spirit. Sports activities, as a socially interactive sites, make people under certain sport rules and moral norms, widen social and interpersonal channels, develop good relationships. It can eliminate closed due to geographical conditions of the various ethnic groups and differences in cultural traditions of the barrier, providing feelings for the broad masses of compatriots in ethnic Exchange and cultural communication of the social media environment. Through dragon boat competition activities, contribute to inter-ethnic communication, improvement of ethnic relations, strengthen national unity. Helps to form a cohesive, Guangxi, attractive outside situation, so as to promote prosperity and stability of Guangxi.
3. direction of development of Guangxi minority traditional sports culture of dragon boat
Increase national physical exploration of the dragon boat culture reform, toward the direction of socialization and industrialization of scientific and development. In national sports dragon boat culture of development in the, thought concept Shang to gradually from closed type to open type change; management system Shang, gradually from spontaneous type to has Organization, and has plan, and has target direction development; evolution direction Shang, gradually from civil entertainment type, gradually to scientific, and socialization, and industrialization direction change; in form by simple of folk sports change for trade, and culture, and sports combination of direction transformation; from Exchange Shang by single of national activities to more national common participation of direction development, and gradually towards national and world.
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