The question of where the Chinese people originated did not exist originally, but since the nineteenth century there has been a theory which posits that the Chinese people migrated from another area. This theory was first advanced by Western scholars. After this idea was transmitted to China at the beginning of the twentieth century, it was also accepted by some Chinese scholars.
Among the scholars who advocate that the Chinese people migrated from another area are A. Kirchen, a German scholar, who believed that Chinese written characters were similar to Egyptian writing, and an English scholar named Wilkinson who discovered that Egyptian tombs contained earthenware utensils similar to Chinese pottery. These two men both thought that Egyptian civilization was earlier than that of China. Therefore they believed that the Chinese people had come from Egypt.
Furthermore, there were scholars who believed that the Chinese people had come from Babylon, India, and even Burma, but the evidence for these theories was extremely weak and did not correspond with the development of Chinese history.
Before too long these theories were forgotten.
In 1921, a Swedish archaeologist, J. G. Anderson, discovered the Painted Pottery Culture at Yang-shao in Honan Province. He compared the painted pottery with that of the Anau in Russian Turkestan and the Susa of Persia and found that they were similar. Because of this he believed that the Chinese people had migrated from the region of Turkestan in Central Asia.
However, after 1927, because discoveries of human fossils and traces of civilization of both paleolithic and neolithic periods in many areas of China, proving that thousands of years ago there were people living in China, the theory that the Chinese People had migrated to China from another area collapsed.