The period from 10,000 B.C. to 2,000 B.C. is the Neolithic period in China.
Our forebears from the Neolithic period, when making stone tools, used primarily the methods of cutting and polishing. In other words, besides knowing how to pound stones, they also understood how to use a rough whetstone to grind tools. Therefore the stone tools of this age were pared down very symmetrically and ground very smoothly and sharply, giving them a quite artistic appearance. Compared with the stone tools of the Paleolithic period, they show a great difference.
Aside from being able to produce refined stone tools, the people of the Neolithic period were able to use fire to make pottery. They used the bones and horns of animals to make arrow heads, spears, fish hooks, and harpoons,
for fishing and hunting. They made use of hemp or silk thread to weave cloth and sew clothes. As far as general technique is concerned, they had advanced significantly.
With regard to dwelling conditions, the people of the Neolithic period had already gathered together into residential groups, forming many farming communities. Their houses, besides being half underground and half above ground cave-like structures, also included structures built on the ground.
over the sources of food, they became more self-sufficient. Therefore, the lives of the people in this period became better and better. The Neolithic sites spread over a large area in China. All that is required is a location with a temperate climate, sufficient water and land, and they are generally ubiquitous. They are found in Manchuria, in Mongolia, Sinkiang (Chinese Turkestan), Tibet, northern China, southern China, Taiwan, and Hainan. Of course, the most representative are the Painted Pottery and Black Pottery cultures.