Nagayoshi integrated development of the region between the two cities for Nagayoshi, Jilin Province, Northeast China or even play an important role. Integrated regional development, industrial integration is the core content. By analyzing the integrated development of industry problems to be solved in the proposed optimization to guide the development of industrial cities Nagayoshi countermeasures.
Changchun, Jilin Province and Jilin is the two large cities, distance 75km, time, distance is only 30 minutes. Cities of the province’s population accounts for 45% of the total economy accounted for more than 60% of the province. Changchun City, Jilin Province, which is the political center, there are areas of economic development advantages; Jilin City is the diversity of resource conditions and strong industrial base.
However, whether or Jilin, Changchun, if the mere volume of the city itself or the overall strength of the economy at home and abroad do not have a distinct advantage. To promote domestic and international long Kyrgyzstan overall strength in the two cities should take full advantage of Changchun, Jilin cities nearby location relationships and geographical linkages rational organization of the two core cities and towns in the area surrounding the division of labor, integration of development .
In fact, Nagayoshi the idea of integration between the two cities a long, long while Kyrgyzstan has long integration between the two cities entered a substantive stage of the operation, but the reason why the long slow process of integration between the two cities Kyrgyzstan, the main reason have a strong regional economy is not competitive. The current challenges facing global competition and the context of regional industrial integration, it is to enhance the regional economy, the only way to improve regional competitiveness. 2010 in “promoting the Jilin provincial government on a number of urbanization with views” document, clearly the first to achieve the goal of integrated long-Ji, Ji announced the integration of long regional development started, to improve the integration of long-Ji the regional economic strength, how to improve the integration of industrial integration has become the core of the study.
First, the industry overview.
Changchun City in 2009 achieved 291.9 billion yuan GDP, an increase of 15%.
Industrial output value of industries above the scale of 440 billion yuan. Automotive, agricultural products processing, the city has developed into a rail passenger car and other pillar industries. Equipment manufacturing (excluding vehicles), optical information, biomedicine, energy and materials industry has shown a new race of development.
Is the civilization of the “Motor City”, “Film City”, “education and culture city” and “City of optical information.” Jilin City in 2009 to achieve GDP 150.01 billion yuan, an increase of 17.7%. Heavy chemical industry in Jilin City Industrial characteristics. With China Petroleum Jilin Petrochemical Company, Jilin Chemical Fiber Group, China Steel Jilin Ferroalloy Plant and a number of high visibility in the domestic and foreign large enterprises. More than 2,000 kinds of main industrial products, chemicals, metallurgy, and agricultural products accounted for three pillar industries of the city’s industry, 70%.
Second, the integrated development of industry the main problems.
Industry trends from recent years, although the industry withstand the Changchun City, “Motor City”, “Film City” and other rings, the heavy chemical industry in Jilin City also has a high reputation at home and abroad, however, both cities Nagayoshi competitiveness in the industry or the overall strength of the downward trend exists. A transition from the mode of development, “three of the co-ordination,” long considered the goals of the industrial cities of Kyrgyzstan there are still many urgent to resolve the key issues are:
Emphasis on the industrial structure, less resource intensive. The secondary industry, in particular the manufacturing industry, chemical industry, grain deep processing, energy, materials and other heavy and chemical industry occupies a very large proportion of energy consumption and pollution pressure. The tertiary industry in the financial industry, high-end services, information, business and exhibition, logistics, service outsourcing and other departments are less developed. Still the traditional kind of primary industry, aquaculture-based, single scale is generally small business is not conducive to intensive use of resources.
Spatial pattern is not yet clear division of labor within the region is not smooth. Long, Ji cities have become important industrial base, but the management system, operating independently, “striving to develop” a system of contradictions still exist, lead to “vicious competition” more than “positive interaction”, industrial structure. Link between industrial development and an important node in shaft is now taking shape, but the overall spatial patterns and functions is not yet clear division of labor within the region is not smooth.
Employment in industry lack of absorptive capacity, restricting “Three co-ordination.” Emphasis on the industrial structure and development of service industry is lagging behind, making the industry’s lack of employment absorption capacity (rate of urban population, units employed and paid at a lower level), industrialization, urbanization and agricultural modernization is the “contradiction” more than “Co-ordination.” Nagayoshi correlation between the industry is not high, to become integrated development of the “short board.” Industrial integration is the core of the development of regional integration, and Changchun, Jilin convergence of the two urban industrial structure, industry association of technology on the little chain, the integration of internal demand is not obvious. Industrial integration has seriously lagged behind the long, Kyrgyzstan both infrastructure and public services and other areas of integration. As the development of the “shortcomings.”
Third, the long integration of the regional industrial optimization strategy for Kyrgyzstan.
1. To guide the development of regional integration.
First, we must strive to foster a long, Kyrgyzstan association between the two aspects of industrial base, especially its basic economic sectors (automobile industry, petroleum chemical industry) the association between the formation of industrial chain. Secondly, on the basis of a reasonable division of labor, industry, functional area and nurturing the relationship between industrial base to form a “core – periphery” structure, so that integration of the various towns within the region can best use the power of the core of urban development. Finally, nurture the development of different industries shaft, urban industrial symbiotic relationship between the areas to form a close-knit network of industrial chain, the integration of regional industrial development.
2. Industry shift to high-class.
From the first industry point of view, should focus from traditional agriculture to modern agriculture. Try to land transfer system, expand the single operation, and enhance efficiency of resource use. Promote the development of green agriculture, leisure agriculture, factory farming, agriculture, tourism and other forms of agriculture and contract farming, farmers on the basis of the reduction to improve their income. Using handsome, spring, advised farmers Hill, four, extravagance Ling, regulating the family, mountains and rivers, Taiping, Wanchang, fork River, a la River, found Gordon Station, Tai Sui River based on the province’s agricultural industry better 8 nodes in the town, the development of modern agriculture, focusing on the central node in the fork river, construction of China Singapore (Jilin) food cooperative industrial park to build a world-class agricultural production and export base and agricultural eco-town. Hill advised the construction of agricultural pollution vegetable base, the development of high-end, green, modern agriculture industry, making the supply Nagayoshi two cities “basket.”
From traditional industries to new industrial changes. Increase the technology content, and enhance innovation capacity, so that low resource consumption, little environmental pollution. At the same time, deal with capital and technology-intensive industries and the relationship between labor-intensive industries, high-tech industries and traditional industries, and there are conscious at the same time in promoting the expansion of industrial employment. Specifically, the Changchun Automobile Industrial Development Zone, Jilin City Park as the main carrier of the automobile industry, relying on the FAW and other key enterprises, focusing on the development of vehicle and parts industries, to create automotive industry cluster; to CNPC Jilin Petrochemical as the basis, promote the development of local supporting industry, accelerate the improvement of the oil industry, bio-chemical based, fine chemicals, new chemical materials, chemicals, vehicle matching the characteristics of the chemical industry for the system, build petrochemical industry cluster; based on the culmination of the food, fuel ethanol, King and other leading business days to build a world-class agricultural products processing base; to CNR CNR company as a leader in the Changchun Railway transportation equipment manufacturing industrial park, Jilin wind power nuclear power equipment, industrial park, agricultural machinery industrial park to nine as the carrier, building unique equipment manufacturing base.
Encourage the development of the basis for carrying a lot of employment services, strive to foster financial, insurance, exhibition, creative design, modern logistics, service outsourcing, high-end services, optimization of regional industrial structure. Specifically, relying on long-Ji Expressway, long Intercity High Speed Rail Longjia International Airport and the western part of the modern service industry with the building, focusing on the development of comprehensive Free Trade Zone of Changchun, headquarters economy, aviation services, TOD residential, business logistics and other modern , high-end service industry.
Cultivate new format. Grasp the direction of technology trends and market demand, play within scientific and technological advantages, nurture and develop the potential, high level of technology, market prospects of the “new format.” Recently, focusing on cultivating high-performance fibers (carbon fiber, polylactic acid fibers), bio-chemical (polybasic acid, polyol, biobutanol, biodiesel), flat panel displays, RFID radio frequency tags, solid state lighting and other new formats, so in the future industrial expansion which take the initiative.
3. To guide the development of industrial linkage.
From the “three of the co-ordination” and practice point of view of new industrialization, must be emphasized that the modern service industry, new industries and the linkage between the development of modern agriculture. Modern service industry, in particular the headquarters of the economic, financial, brokerage, design and development, information services, logistics, consulting and other high-end sector to lead the traditional industrial sector into the new-type industrialization, driven transformation of traditional agriculture to modern agriculture; to labor-intensive Services to increase urban employment, to undertake the development of new industrialization and the transfer of modern agriculture out of the labor force. To reinforce the development of new industries based on the expansion of modern services for the transformation of traditional agriculture to provide material and technical security. Accelerate the development of modern agriculture zone of urbanization, modern services and new industries to provide a good basis for ecological space and supplies.
4. Actively stimulating employment.
Industrialization, Industrial Structure Employment is the exclusion of residents on the road of industrialization, a problem encountered in the Northeast region, particularly typical. 2020, Nagayoshi integrated regional urban population will reach 6.5 million or so, the urbanization rate of 80% or more. And present urban population of 4.16 million, which means additional 200 million urban population. Therefore, the increase in urban employment through industrial development, and promote the “three of the co-ordination”, it meant so much.
Practical initiatives currently include: relying on regional industrial characteristics, the development of a number of labor-intensive industries. Such as the automotive, rail passenger industry, matching small parts, textile, interior, leather processing. For the petrochemical, grain deep processing industry, supporting the packaging material. Cleaning, security, distribution, domestic and other urban services.
Change the development concept, through government guidance, policy incentives, incremental mining employment in existing industries. Job placement and more companies give a variety of preferential policies, subsidies for new investment in fixed assets from the shift subsidies to new jobs. For food processing, tourism, services, business exhibition and logistics industries with higher employment potential in the development of the concept is coming to the objective of maximizing employment and become a powerful promotion of urbanization “handle.”
In the Shuangyang, Jiutai, Kut and other labor-intensive industries in transition zone of New Town Planning, the preferential policies given to pilot. First, self nurturing labor-intensive industries, and second, to undertake the transfer of industries in coastal areas. Absorb the local transfer of agricultural population, urbanization and agricultural modernization to achieve the overall development.
5. Promote the integration of the regional “two types” industrial system development.
Build a resource-saving and environment-friendly industrial system, reduce the pressure on energy consumption and pollutant emissions. Implementation of the country’s most stringent farmland protection policies to protect and retain ecological land, restricted to expand cities, and actively develop small and medium cities (towns), improving land use efficiency. Increased enforcement of environmental protection, the establishment of regional ecological compensation mechanism, the pilot “carbon rights” and pollutant emissions trading system. Neither strictly scientific and technological content, nor the employment increment, the market outlook is full of risk, high-energy consumption, water consumption, take up a lot of industrial land in the project. Build a circular economy industrial chain, to develop “vein” industry.
6. Guide the integration of regional space co-ordination.
The development of regional integration is the essence of efficiency savings in order to obtain space and to achieve maximum space efficiency, the area to focus on the most efficient allocation of resources so that resources to the fullest flow. Relying on long has been formed between Kyrgyzstan and will continue to strengthen the construction of transport corridors, foster industrial development corridor and shaft; rely on planning and development of the Metro-axis to bring the park, and new towns, etc., cultivation of industrial node; relying on the existing types of Development Zone, the rational allocation of the distinctive characteristics of urban industrial symbiosis area. The formation of industrial base, shaft (gallery), Town industrial symbiosis area, structured, positive interaction and coordinated development of the overall spatial pattern, spatial structure of regional integration in the optimization and space efficiency is maximized.
Fourth, the conclusion Nagayoshi integrated industrial development, is to promote the Industrial Structure, improve independent innovation capacity, cultivate a new format, and to optimize the division of labor within the region, strengthen the industry association, driving employment, industrial development strategy to the development of service industry “Three of the co-ordination” service to change the development mode, so that they become integrated regional industrial integration of sound and fast economic and social development of the core driving force.
 Wang Shijun high group: On the Changchun – Jilin City Integrated Development [J]. Economic Geography, 2001,21 (5) :589-599
 Xu Quanyong: Industrial Convergence role in promoting regional economic integration [J]. ,2004,10:39-41 produced by the Forum