The so-called green agriculture, it is to point to to production and processing and sales of green food to the axis of the agricultural production and operation mode. At present, the positive development of green agriculture, has become the strategic measures to meet the international challenges. At the same time, the development of green agriculture is to maintain sustainable development, protect the environment needs. “Black agriculture” the management way often highly dependent on large agricultural machinery and implement, chemical fertilizers, pesticides, not only consumed a lot of non-renewable resources, also leads to soil erosion, air and water pollution effect. And the green agriculture development may be fundamentally solve these problems. Green agriculture to “green environment”, “green technology” and “green products” as the main body, make relying too much on chemical fertilizers, pesticides chemical agriculture to rely mainly on the biological mechanism of ecological agriculture to change.
Green agriculture is the generalized “top”, including: green agriculture, white agriculture, blue, black agriculture, agricultural fungi agriculture, agricultural facilities, gardening agriculture, tourism agriculture, environmental protection agriculture, agricultural information, etc. In the specific application we generally will “expanded”, namely pollution-free agricultural products, green food and organic food, known collectively as the green agriculture. After joining the WTO, international market for agricultural products of high grade, high quality, excellent varieties and avirulent and harmless pollution-free requirements, China must go green agriculture development way.
Human development of environmental damage make people realize the importance of sustainable development. We must base on China’s national conditions, practical and world agriculture development community, with the development of economy and environment with green agriculture enhance China agriculture strengths.
Our country agriculture in natural resources has inestimable advantage, our country agricultural natural resources have diverse characteristics: from north to south over nine heat belt, the region is vast, mountainous, grassland, biological resources more variety, variety, especially in the Midwest in northeast, northwest, southwest, green more resources, for the development of all kinds of characteristics of green agricultural products have created favorable conditions.
Our country agriculture in human, material also it has certain features: China’s farmers after thousands of years accumulate, has the rich and intensive cultivation technology and green agriculture traditional basis; China labor resource is rich, and the price is low, but the development of labor-intensive and technology-intensive value of combining big green agricultural products; Most of the region is damaged, but in low industrial pollution or did not reach the but irreversible chemical poisoning point; China has one thousand food cooking, the Chinese medicine history, history of health history and traditional green food diversity.
The Midwest green agriculture in the rapid rise, green, deep processing of agricultural product, machining, environmental protection and ecological industry second and third industry is developing rapidly. The eastern region technology, talent, capital and the west green resource, and the combination of the rapid development of green agriculture and agricultural products export the depiction of integration base. Countries in traffic, electric power, communications infrastructure investment for the development of green agriculture have created favorable conditions.
Especially government proposed the new countryside construction and development direction, to the rural infrastructure construction investment increase, thus improving overall rural living environment improvement, education and quality education double input, can cause a series of economic and life changing. So, this is the agricultural industrial structure change of great opportunity once in a blue moon.
At present China agricultural productivity has greatly improved, many agricultural surplus began to appear, the government attached great importance to environmental protection, the latter the development of agriculture, farmer’s quality consciousness and environmental awareness has also greatly enhanced, develop green agriculture are the basic conditions of also already has. In the early 1980 s so far, the country develops the ecological environment protection and management policies and measures. 1998 years and issued a “national ecological environment construction planning”, the parts of goods and food has started green marks and environmental labeling system.